Websites about academic research often present the various projects that are underway, but it is important to remember that the purpose of a project is to produce new scientific knowledge, technology, and solutions to societal and environmental problems. Projects certainly have their own rewards for the participants, sponsors, and local community, but from a scholarship perspective there needs to be production of novel science. When people interview for academic jobs, the most pressing question for the applicant is to explain what the scientific highlights of their career has been, instead of what projects have been worked on. Trying to judge what constitutes "important" or "significant" scientific highlights is difficult when comparing across such broadly diverse research topics as well as comparing between our work and that of so many scientists around the world. The purpose of this page is to give two "top ten" lists- one that lists what journal citations indicate as the most important scientific discoveries to come from our group and one that lists important discoveries that have gone unrecognized thus far- probably because they are on more esoteric topics that few people focus on at this time.
Counting down the top ten most...
...Popular Scientific Discoveries
|10.||Logging of steep terrain induces higher floodplain sedimentation rates downstream until soils exhaust and then rates go down until sediment supply can be renewed|
|9.||Natural hydraulic jumps that are ubiquitous in mountain rivers differ from classic engineering analogues in their hydraulics due to their spatial complexity, which should significantly impact lift- and drag- induced morphodynamics in ways that are not yet represented in landform evolution models|
|8.||Low-dimensional, deterministic, non-periodic functions (i.e."chaos") cannot govern river discharge, because the existence of infrequent floods requires high-dimensional attractors or stochasticism.|
Flow-convergence routing is the primary mechanism for pool-riffle maintenance where forcing objects that cause turbulence and local scour are not predominant in a river. This mechanism is more general than the velocity reversal mechanism that came before it.
|6.||Channel nonuniformity has profound effects on flow-dependent waterfalls systematics (e.g., energy dissipation, hydrualic jump regime, and derivative hydraulics), with important implications for landscape evolution that are currently neglected by existing theories and models|
|5.||2D hydrodynamic modeling of rivers can be used to make fundamental scientific discoveries and aid practical river management by predicting the spatial patern of hydraulics with reasonable accurately, even with complex and diverse bed substrates and landforms|
|4.||Tidal freshwater deltas growing into subestuaries may be modelled using the diffusion equation to reveal the relative roles of natural and anthropogenic forcings on sediment supply and water quality into the delta as well as the sedimentation rates and vegetation associations on the delta|
|3.||Seasonal cycles occur for both inorganic and organic sediment accumulation in tidal freshwater wetlands; annual variations in the cycles hinge on winter ice coverage and duration of mud surface exposure in the windy springtime. Climate change impacts on duration of ice coverage will impact sequestration of sediment, carbon, phosphorus, and toxic metals in the tidal freshwater zone|
|2.||Volcanic lakes may be classified based on thresholds in physical and chemical variables. Mass and energy fluxes and storages for a volcano with a volcanic lake can be estimated using our mass/energy balance model that assumes perfect mixing|
|1.||Spawning habitat rehabilitation done using the SHIRA framework to create and test specific design hypotheses can restore key geomorphic processes and rehabilitate (or further enhance) diverse ecosystem functions, including adult spawning, embryo survival, fry and juvenile rearing, macroinvertebrate abundance and diversity, and channel-floodplain connectivity|
|10.||Management of an urban river requires insuring that there is an independent "tool" available for each management goal; the Tools and Goals (TAG) framework provides an approach to analyze existing management plans to determine if they meet this criteria, and if not, provides a workflow for accomplishing it.|
|9.||There exist distinct geochemical signatures of natural and anthropogenic effects in floodplain sedimentary strata|
|8.||In degraded rivers, deposits of large wood (aka streamwood) can play a decisive role in creating essential habitat for Pacific salmonids during the freshwater phase of their lifecycle.|
|7.||Sediment transport and deposition processes are unique in irrigation-dominated watersheds compared to typical precipitaiton-dominated watersheds.|
|6.||Coherence and phasing of hydrometerological controls on water levels in tidal freshwater wetlands.|
|5.||Urban streams can have natural functionality rehabilitated through a blend of hydrologic management and channel engineering.|
|4.||Instantaneous lift is more important than mean drag in causing riverbed scour in the downstream vicinity of riverbed steps|
|3.||All rivers are eventually hit by big floods that dramatically re-organize fluvial landforms. I postulated the "reverse domino" mechanism for riffle-pool reorganization to explain how this works in gravel and cobble bedded rivers.|
|2.||Sediment transport through dry-climate watersheds is strongly governed by hydrologic history and land use history. Thus, instantaneous suspended sediment load is poorly predicted by instantaneous discharge.|
|1.||Rivers naturally exhibit multiple layers of topographic variability that can be quantified using geomorphic covariance structures (GCSs). In turn, analytical GCSs that summarize the essential variations found in natural rivers can be used in river design for a variety of applications.|